PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 9501

Original article | International Journal of Educational Researchers 2015, Vol. 6(1) 1-12

Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents

Hakan SARICAM

pp. 1 - 12   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2015.001

Published online: March 01, 2015  |   Number of Views: 235  |  Number of Download: 500


Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to examine whether self efficacy might play a mediating role between subjective vitality and school burnout in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 344 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the School Burnout Scale, the Subjective Vitality Scale, and the General SelfEfficacy Scale. Relationships between self efficacy, vitality and school burnout were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and predictions of each variable by the domains of the other were calculated with Linear Regression Analysis (LRA). Findings showed that subjective vitality, school burnout and self-efficacy were related to each others. Hierarchical Regression Analysis results indicated that self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship between subjective vitality and school burnout. 

Keywords: Self-efficacy; burnout; vitality


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
SARICAM, H. (2015). Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents. International Journal of Educational Researchers , 6(1), 1-12.

Harvard
SARICAM, H. (2015). Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents. International Journal of Educational Researchers , 6(1), pp. 1-12.

Chicago 16th edition
SARICAM, Hakan (2015). "Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents". International Journal of Educational Researchers 6 (1):1-12.

References
  1. Akın, A., Sarıçam, H., Demirci, İ., Yalnız, A., Yıldız, B., & Usta, F. (2013). The Adaptation of School Bumout Inventory (SBI) To Turkish and Its Psychometric Properties. Istanbul 2013 World Congress of Psychological Counselling and Guidance. 8-11 September, Istanbul, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  2. Akın, A. (2012). The relationships between internet addiction, subjective vitality, and subjective happiness. [Google Scholar]
  3. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(8), 404-410. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2011.0609 Aypay, A. (2011). Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 11(2), 520-527. [Google Scholar]
  4. Aypay, A., & Eryılmaz, A. (2011). Relationships of High School Sdutent’ Subjective Well-Being and School Burnout. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(1), 181-199 Balkıs, M. (2013). The Relationship between Academic Procrastination and Students’ Burnout. H. U. Journal of Education, 28(1), 68-78. [Google Scholar]
  5. Bandura, A.. (2006). Adolescent development from an agentic perspective. In Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents, ed. F. Pajares, and T. Urdan, 1-43. Greenwich, Connecticut: Information Age Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman. [Google Scholar]
  7. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. [Google Scholar]
  8. Bostic, T. J., Rubio, D. M., & Hood, M. (2000). A validation of the subjective vitality scale using structural equation modeling. SocialIndicators Research, 52, 313-319. [Google Scholar]
  9. Boudreau, D., Santen, S.A., Hemphill, R.R. & Dobson, J. (2004) Burnout in medical students: examining the prevalence and predisposing factors during the four years of medical school. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 44(4), 75-76. [Google Scholar]
  10. Chang, A. K., Park, J., & Sok, S. R. (2013). Relationships among self-efficacy, depression, life satisfaction, and adaptation among older korean adults residing in for-profit professional nursing facilities. J Nurs Res., 21(3), 162-169. [Google Scholar]
  11. Charkhabi, M., Abarghuei, M. A., & Hayati, D. (2013). The association of academic burnout with self-efficacy and quality of learning experience among Iranian students. Springerplus, 2, 677. doi: 10.1186/2193¬1801-2-677 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  12. Chemers, M. M., Hu, L., & Garcia, B. F. (2001). Academic self-efficacy and first year college student performance and adjustment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93, 55-64. [Google Scholar]
  13. Çakar Savi, F. (2012). The Relationship between the Self-efficacy and Life Satisfaction of Young Adults. International Education Studies, 5(6), 123-130. doi:10.5539/ies.v5n6p123 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  14. Çapri, B., Özkendir, O. M., Özkurt, B., & Karakuş, F. (2012). General Self-Efficacy beliefs, Life Satisfaction and Bumout of University Students. Procedia-Social andBehavioral Sciences, 47, 968-973. [Google Scholar]
  15. Duran, A., Extremera, N., Rey, L., Fernândez-Berrocal, P., & Montalbân, F. M. (2006). Predicting academic burnout and engagement in educational settings: Assessing the incremental validity of perceived emotional intelligence beyond perceived stress and general self-efficacy. Psicothema, 18, 158-164. [Google Scholar]
  16. Erdur-Baker, Ö., Özmen, O., & Özmen, H. (2011). Teachers’ Perspectives on Psychological Issues among their Students. Elementary Education Online, 10(1), 197-205, [Google Scholar]
  17. Fini, A. E. S., Kavousian, J., Beigy, A., & Emami, M. (2010). Subjective vitality and its anticipating variables on students. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 150-156. [Google Scholar]
  18. Frazier, P. A., Tix, A. P., & Baron, K. E. (2004). Testing moderator and mediator effects in counseling psychology. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 51, 115-134. [Google Scholar]
  19. Fry, P. S., & Debats, D. L. (2002). Self-efficacy beliefs as predictors of loneliness and psychological distress in older adults. Int JAging Hum Dev., 55(3), 233-69. [Google Scholar]
  20. Göktaş, Y., Hasançebi, F., Varışoğlu, B., Akçay, A., Bayrak, N., Baran, M., & Sözbilir, M. (2012). Trends in Educational Research in Turkey: A Content Analysis. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, [Google Scholar]
  21. 12(1), 455-459. [Google Scholar]
  22. Jacobs, S. & Dodd, D. (2003). Student burnout as a function of personality, social support, and workload. Journal of College Students Development, 44 (3), 291-303. [Google Scholar]
  23. Jinks, J. & Morgan, V. (1999). Children’s perceived academic self-efficacy: An inventory scale. The Clearing House, 72 (4), 224-230. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kenny, D. A., Kashy, D. A., & Bolger, N. (1998). Data analysis in social psychology. In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. [Google Scholar]
  25. Kenny, D. A., Korchmaros, J. D., & Bolger, N. (2003). Lower level mediation in multilevel models. PsychologicalMethods, 8, 115-128. [Google Scholar]
  26. Kotaman, H. (2010). Turkish early childhood educators’ sense of teacher efficacy. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 8(2), 603-616. [Google Scholar]
  27. Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer. [Google Scholar]
  28. Leiter, M. P. (1992). Burn-out as a crisis in self-efficacy: Conceptual and practical implications. Work & Stress. An International Journal of Work, Health & Organisations, 6(2), 107-115. [Google Scholar]
  29. Leiter, M. P., & Skoe, E. (1989). Toward a cognitive model of burnout. Paper presented at the First European Congress of Psychology, Amsterdam, June. [Google Scholar]
  30. Magaletta, P. R., & Oliver, J. M. (1999). The hope construct, will and ways: Their relations with self efficacy, optimism, and general well-being. Journal of ClinicalPsychology, 55(5), 539-551. [Google Scholar]
  31. Maslach, C., Jackson, S. E., & Leiter, M. P. (1996). Maslach burnout inventory manual (3rd ed.). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press. [Google Scholar]
  32. Maslach, C. (1982). Burnout: the cost of caring. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. [Google Scholar]
  33. Maslach, C., & Jackson. S.E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2, 99-113. [Google Scholar]
  34. Murris, P. (2002). Relationships between self-efficacy and symptoms of anxiety disorders and depression in a normal adolescent sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(2), 337-348. [Google Scholar]
  35. Muris, P. (2001). A brief questionnaire for measuring self-efficacy in children with affective problems. Journal of Psychopathology andBehavioral Assessment, 23, 145-149. [Google Scholar]
  36. Niemiec, C. P., Lynch, M. F., Vansteenkiste, M., et al. (2006). The antecedents and consequences of autonomous self-regulation for college: a self-determination theory perspective on socialization. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 761-775. [Google Scholar]
  37. O’Sullivan, G. (2011). The Relationship between Hope, Eustress, Self-Efficacy, and Life Satisfaction among Undergraduates. Social Indicators Research, 101(1), 155-172. [Google Scholar]
  38. Pajares, F. (1996). Self-efficacy beliefs in academic settings. Review of EducationalResearch, 66, 543-578. [Google Scholar]
  39. Ratliff, N. (1988). Stress and burnout in the helping professions. Social Casework 69(1), 147-154. [Google Scholar]
  40. Ryan , R. M., & Frederick, C. (1997). On energy, personality and health: subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529-565. [Google Scholar]
  41. Sahranavard, M., & Hassan, S. A. (2012). The Relationship between Self-Concept, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, Anxiety and Science Performance among Iranian Students. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 12(9), 1190-1196, [Google Scholar]
  42. Schaufeli, W.B., Martinez, I., Marques-Pinto, A., Salanova, M., & Bakker, A. (2002). Burnout and engagement in university students: A cross-national study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Studies, 33, 464-481. [Google Scholar]
  43. Schaufeli, W., & Buunk, B. P. (2003). Burnout: An overview of 25 years of research and theorizing. In M. J. Schabracq, J. A. M. Winnubst, & C. L. Cooper (Eds.), Handbook of work and health psychology (pp. 383- 425). Chichester: Wiley. [Google Scholar]
  44. Schwarzer, R., & Hallum, S. (2008). Perceived teacher self-efficacy as a predictor of job stress and burnout: Medication analysis. Applied Psychology: An International Review 57, 152-171. [Google Scholar]
  45. Seçer, İ., Halmatov, S., Veyis, F., & Ateş. B., (2013). Adapting School Burnout Inventory to Turkish Culture: Study of Validity and Reliability. Turkish Journal of Education, 2(2), 16-24. [Google Scholar]
  46. Selye, H. (1956). The stress of life. New York: McGraw Hill. [Google Scholar]
  47. Sherer, M., Maddux, J. E., Mercandante, B., Prentice-Dunn, S., Jacobs, B., & Rogers, R. W. (1982). The Self- Efficacy Scale: Construction and validation. Psychological Reports, 51, 663-671. [Google Scholar]
  48. Skaalvik, E.M., & Skaalvik, S. (2010). Teacher self-efficacy and teacher burnout: A study of relations. [Google Scholar]
  49. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26, 1059-1069. [Google Scholar]
  50. Salama-Younes, M. (2011). Positive mental health, subjective vitality and satisfaction with life for French physical education students. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 4(2), 90-97. [Google Scholar]
  51. Salmela-Aro, K., Kiuru, N., Leskinen, E. & Nurmi, J. E. (2009). School-Burnout Inventory (SBI): Reliability and Validity. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 25(1), 48-57. [Google Scholar]
  52. Ulgen, H., Ozturk, C., & Armstrong, M. (2012). Effect of Self-Efficacy on Turkish Children’s Perceptions of the Advantages/Disadvantages of Smoking. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev, 13, 795-798. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.3.795. [Google Scholar]
  53. Uysal, R., Sarıçam, H., & Akin, A. (2014). Öznel Zindelik Ölçeği Türkçe Formunun Psikometrik Özellikleri. Muğla Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 33, Baskıda. [Google Scholar]
  54. Uysal, R., Satıcı, S. A., & Akın, A. (2013). Mediating Effect of Facebook® Addiction on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and Subjective Happiness. Psychological Reports: Mental & Physical Health, 113(3), 948-953. [Google Scholar]
  55. Yang, Hui-J. (2004). Factors affecting student bumout and academic achievement in multiple enrollment programs in Taiwan’s technical-vocational colleges. International Journal of Educational Development, 24, 283-301. [Google Scholar]
  56. Yıldırım, F., & Ilhan, I. O. (2010). The Validity and Reliability of the General Self-Efficacy Scale-Turkish Form. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry, 21(4), 301-308. [Google Scholar]
  57. Valente, M. A. F., Ribeiro, J. L. P., & Jensen, M. P. (2009). Coping, depression, anxiety, self-efficacy and social support: impact on adjustment to chronic pain. Escritos de Psicolog^a, 2(3), 8-17. [Google Scholar]