PEN Academic Publishing-   |  ISSN: 1308 - 9501

Original article | International Journal of Educational Researchers 2022, Vol. 13(3) 12-23

The Awareness of Biomimicry among Secondary School Students

Şafak Uluçınar Sağır, Nezahat Kandemi̇r & Ferhat Ozan

pp. 12 - 23   |  Manu. Number: MANU-2203-23-0001

Published online: September 30, 2022  |   Number of Views: 2  |  Number of Download: 49


Abstract

Natural harmony and functioning have always attracted the attention of people. Humans have imitated systems and mechanisms of nature in many different fields such as technologyand health. The concept of biomimicry stands out in the search for more efficient use of natural resources, sustainability and solutions from nature. The current study aims at determining the secondary school students’ knowledge and awareness towards biomimicry. The case study method was employed and 50 studentsat different grade levelsfrom a rural secondary school in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey were participated in the study. The data were collectedby survey and interview form developed by the authors. The survey consists of 23 questions and three dimensions namely, science-technology-research relationships, nature-to-design solutions and linking design with nature. A semi-structured interview sheet was also prepared consisting of seven questions about biomimicry awareness. Descriptive and procedural statistics were applied to the data using the SPSS program. We found outthatstudents had a moderate level of science-technology perception and biomimicry awareness. Significant gender-related and grade level-related differences were obtained in different dimensions. Some suggestions were made based on the findings.

Keywords: Biomimicry, science education, secondary school students, science teaching, nature to design.


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Sagir, S.U., Kandemi̇r, N. & Ozan, F. (2022). The Awareness of Biomimicry among Secondary School Students . International Journal of Educational Researchers , 13(3), 12-23.

Harvard
Sagir, S., Kandemi̇r, N. and Ozan, F. (2022). The Awareness of Biomimicry among Secondary School Students . International Journal of Educational Researchers , 13(3), pp. 12-23.

Chicago 16th edition
Sagir, Safak Ulucinar, Nezahat Kandemi̇r and Ferhat Ozan (2022). "The Awareness of Biomimicry among Secondary School Students ". International Journal of Educational Researchers 13 (3):12-23.

References
  1. Alperen N.F. (2020). Ortaokul 5. sınıf bilim uygulamaları dersine yönelik STEM temelli bir öğretim tasarımı: Doğadan ilham alan teknolojiler. (Unpublishedmasterthesis),Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Üniversitesi, Rize, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  2. Avcı, F. (2019). Doğa ve inovasyon: okullarda biyomimikri. Anadolu Öğretmen Dergisi, 2(3), 214-233.  https://doi.org/10.35346/aod.604872 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  3. Bar-Cohen, Y. (2006). Biomimetics: reality, challenges, andoutlook. (J. Bar-Cohen, Ed)., Biomimetics: Biologically inspired technologies. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group. [Google Scholar]
  4. Bell, R.L., Blair, L.M., Crawford, B.A., &Lederman, N.G. (2003). Just do it? Impact of a scienceapprenticeship program on highschoolstudents’ understandings of thenature of scienceandscientificinquiry. Journal of Research in ScienceTeaching, 40(5), 487-509.https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.10086 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  5. Benyus, J. M. (1997). Biomimicry: innovationinspiredbynature. New York: William MorrowandComp, Inc. [Google Scholar]
  6. Benyus, J. M. (2002). Biomimicry: Innovation inspired by nature.[Elektronik Sürüm]. New York: HarperCollins. [Google Scholar]
  7. Boga-Akyol, M. and Timur-Ogut, S. (2016). Exploringbiomimicry in thestudents’ designprocess. Design andTechnologyEducation: An International Journal, 21(1), 21-31. [Google Scholar]
  8. Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2007), Sosyal bilimler için veri analizi el kitabı, Ankara: Pegem A Yayıncılık [Google Scholar]
  9. Bybee, R. W. (2011). Scientificandengineeringpractices in K–12 classrooms: Understanding a frameworkfor K–12 scienceeducation. TheScienceTeacher, 78 (9), 34–40 [Google Scholar]
  10. Carlson, J., Ghaey, S., Moran, S.,  Tran, C.A. and Kaplan, D.L. (2006). Biologicalmaterials in engineeringmechanisms, (in J. Bar-Cohen, Ed)., Biomimetics: Biologically inspired technologies. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group. [Google Scholar]
  11. Creswell, J. W. (2009). Researchdesign: Qualitative, quantitative, andmixedmethodsapproaches (3rd ed.). London: Sage Publications, Inc. [Google Scholar]
  12. Creswell, J.W. (2013) Researchdesign: Qualitative, quantitative, andmixedmethodsapproaches. 4th Edition, London: SAGE Publications, Inc. [Google Scholar]
  13. Çalışıcı, S. (2018). FeTeMM uygulamalarının 8. sınıf öğrencilerinin çevresel tutumlarına, bilimsel yaratıcılıklarına, problem çözme becerilerine ve fen başarılarına etkisi. (Unpublishedmasterthesis),Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  14. Çelikdemir, M. (2006). İlköğretim öğrencilerinin bilimin doğasını anlama düzeylerinin araştırılması,(Unpublishedmasterthesis),Middle East TechniqueUniversity, Ankara, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  15. Çetinkaya, E. (2019). Açık-düşündürücü yaklaşıma dayalı etkinliklerin ortaokul öğrencilerinin bilimin doğası görüşlerine etkisi. Journal of TheoreticalEducationalScience, 12(1), 227-259.https://doi.org/10.30831/akukeg.382049 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  16. Ersanlı, C. C. (2016). Fizik eğitiminde biyomimikri verileri kullanımın yeri ve önemi. 5 th International Vocational Schools Symposium, Prizren, Kosova, 18 - 20 May 2016. [Google Scholar]
  17. Gardner, G. E. (2012). Using biomimicrytoengagestudents in a design-basedlearningactivity. TheAmericanBiologyTeacher, 74(3), 182-184.https://doi.org/10.1525/abt.2012.74.3.10 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  18. Ginsberg, M., Schiano, J., Kramer, M., Alleyne, M., (2013). A casestudy in bio-ınspiredengineeringdesign: defenseapplications of exoskeletalsensors, Defense& Security Analysis, 29(2), 156-169.https://doi.org/10.1080/14751798.2013.787798 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  19. Hastürk, H.G., Öztürk, N., Demir, R. & Kartal, T. (2014). Opinions of studentshavingeducation in variouslevelsaboutthenature of science, Journal of History School (JOHS), 7(13), 671-688.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14225/Joh479 [Google Scholar]
  20. Inner, S. (2019). Biyomimikri ve parametrik tasarım ilişkisinin mimari alanında kullanımı ve gelişimi. Tasarım Enformatiği Dergisi, 1(1), 15-29. [Google Scholar]
  21. Karabetça, A. (2018). Biyomimikri destekli tasarım ölçütleri ile yenilikçi mekanlar yaratılması. TheTurkish Online Journal of Design Art andCommunication, 8(1), 104-111. DOI: 10.7456/10801100/010 [Google Scholar]
  22. Karabetça, A.R. (2021). Ormanlar gibi sürdürülebilir ve dirençli şehirler tasarlanabilir mi? TheTurkish Online Journal of Design, Art andCommunication – TOJDAC, 11 (2), 334-346. [Google Scholar]
  23. Kılıç, K., Sungur, S., Çakıroğlu, J. &Tekkaya, C. (2005). Ninth gradestudents’understanding of thenature of scientificknowledge, Hacettepe UniversityJournal of EducationFaculty, 28 ,127-133. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kim, S. (2019). Development andeffect of biomimicry robot education program based on technologyeducation. Journal of Convergencefor Information Technology, 9(4), 109-117. https://doi.org/10.22156/CS4SMB.2019.9.4.109 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  25. Mahgoub, Y. M. &Alawad, A. A. (2014). Theimpact of teachingbiomimicrytoenhancethinkingskillsforstudents of art education in highereducation. PenseeJournal, 76(4), 2-11. [Google Scholar]
  26. Mazzoleni, I., Maya, A., Bang, A., Molina, R., Barron, F.&PeiLi, Y., (2011), Biomimeticenvelopes: Investigatingnaturetodesignbuildings, Proceedings of the First AnnualBiomimicry in HigherEducationWebinar, TheBiomimicryInstituteWebinarDocument, 27- 32. [Google Scholar]
  27. Miles, M. B., &Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitativedataanalysis: An expandedsourcebook (2nd ed.).Sage Publications, Inc. [Google Scholar]
  28. Panchuk, N., (2006).An explorationintobiomimicryanditsapplication in digital¶metric [architectural] design. Master of Architecture Thesis, University of Waterloo. [Google Scholar]
  29. Peters, T., (2011). Nature as measure: Thebiomimicryguild. Architectural Design, 81(6), 44-47. https://doi.org/10.1002/ad.1318 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  30. Sanne, F., Risheim, I. andImpelluso, T. (2019). Inspiringengineering in the K -12: biomimicry as a bridgebetweenmathandbiology. Proceedings of the ASME 2019 International MechanicalEngineering& Exposition. Bergen, Norway, 8 - 14 November 2019 [Google Scholar]
  31. Subsoontorn, P., Ounjai, P., Ngarmkajornwiwat, P., Sakulkueakulsuk, B., Pensupha, N., Surareungchai, W. &d Pataranutaporn, P. (2018). Hackbiodesign: An integrative STEAM educationplatform forbiology, engineering, anddesign. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on Teaching, Assessment, and Learning forEngineering (TALE), Wollongong, Australia, 4 - 7 December 2018, 1016-1021. [Google Scholar]
  32. Sumrall, W. J., Sumrall, K. M. andRobinson, H. A. (2018). Using biomimicrytomeet NGSS in thelowergrades. ScienceActivities, 55(3-4), 115-126. [Google Scholar]
  33. URL 1 (2020). https://peyzax.com/tasarimda-dogadan-ilham-alma-biyomimikri-ornekleri/ [Google Scholar]
  34. retrived on 25. 09.2020 [Google Scholar]
  35. URL-2(2019).https://www.teachengineering.org/activities/view/cub_bio_lesson05_activity1retrived on 05.11.2019 [Google Scholar]
  36. URL-3 (2019). http://www.greeneducationfoundation.org/institute/lessonclearinghouse/457-biomimicry_the_nature_of_genius.html retrived on 05.11.2019 [Google Scholar]
  37. URL-4 (2022). http://www.battelleforkids.org/networks/p21 [Google Scholar]
  38. Volstad, N.L., Boks, C., 2012. On theuse of biomimicry as a usefultoolfortheındustrialdesigner. Sustainable Development, 20, 189-199.https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.1535 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  39. Yakışan, M. ve Velioğlu, D. (2019). İlkokul 4.sınıf öğrencilerinin biyomimikri algılarına yönelik yaptıkları çizimlerin analizi. Gazi UniversityJournal of EducationFaculty, 39(2), 727- 753.https://doi.org/10.17152/gefad.547807 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  40. Yavuz, Ü. (2019). İlkokul fen bilimleri dersinin fen, teknoloji, mühendislik ve matematik (FeTeMM) etkinlikleri ile işlenmesi, ((Unpublishedmasterthesis). Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. [Google Scholar]
  41. Yıldırım, B. (2019). Fen bilgisi öğretmen adaylarının STEM eğitiminde biyomimikri uygulamalarına yönelik görüşleri. Gazi UniversityJournal of EducationFaculty, 39(1), 63-90. [Google Scholar]
  42. Yıldırım, B. andAltun, Y. (2015). InvestigatingtheEffect of STEM EducationandEngineering Applications on ScienceLaboratoryLectures. El-CezeriJournal of ScienceandEngineering, 2(2), 28-40. [Google Scholar]
  43. Yıldız, H. (2012). Endüstri ürünleri tasarımı kapsamında biyomimetik tasarımın yeri ve metodolojisi.(Unpublishedmasterthesis), İstanbul TechnicalUniversity,Istanbul, Turkey. [Google Scholar]