PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 9501

Original article | International Journal of Educational Researchers 2020, Vol. 11(1) 23-33

The increases critical thinking skills through model problem based learning in fifth grade students elementary school

Dessy Cahayaning Margi Utami & Waspodo Tjipto Subroto Waspodo

pp. 23 - 33   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1905-02-0003

Published online: March 28, 2020  |   Number of Views: 8  |  Number of Download: 69


Abstract

This study aims to improve critical thinking skills in elementary school fifth grade students through the model of Problem Based Learning. The research location is SDN Jepara I/90 Surabaya, the study population is students of fifth grade were 30 students. In this study using a Class Action Research (PTK) conducted by 2 cycles, with several stages of the planning phase, the implementation phase, the stage of observation and reflection stages. Data collection techniques were used that test in the form of a written test and non-test in the form of observation, that observation the activities of teachers and students' activity. The results showed that there was an increase from the first cycle to the second cycle. For the activity of teachers in the first cycle, shows the percentage of the 70% rate, and the second cycle percentage increased by 90%. Activity percentage of students in the first cycle the value of 75%, while in the second cycle of student activity increased by 95%. Then increase students' critical thinking skills can be seen from the results of evaluation of students by 70.5% in the first cycle to 89.62% in the second cycle.

Keywords: Critical Thinking Skills, Model, Problem Based Learning


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Utami, D.C.M. & Waspodo, W.T.S. (2020). The increases critical thinking skills through model problem based learning in fifth grade students elementary school . International Journal of Educational Researchers , 11(1), 23-33.

Harvard
Utami, D. and Waspodo, W. (2020). The increases critical thinking skills through model problem based learning in fifth grade students elementary school . International Journal of Educational Researchers , 11(1), pp. 23-33.

Chicago 16th edition
Utami, Dessy Cahayaning Margi and Waspodo Tjipto Subroto Waspodo (2020). "The increases critical thinking skills through model problem based learning in fifth grade students elementary school ". International Journal of Educational Researchers 11 (1):23-33.

References
  1. Anugraheni, I. (2017). Penggunaan Portofolio dalam Perkuliahan Penilaian Pembelajaran. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 3(1), 246-258. [Google Scholar]
  2. Aweke, et.al. (2016). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Instruction on Students’ Motivation and Problem Solving Skills of Physics. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, 13(3), 857-871. [Google Scholar]
  3. Barrett, T, & Moore, S. (2011). New Approaches to Problem Based Learning. New York: Routledge. [Google Scholar]
  4. Benjamin, A, Sampson, K, B, Philip S, K,, & Isaac O. (2016). Effect of Problem-Based Learning on Students’ Achievement in Chemistry. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(33), 560-565.  [Google Scholar]
  5. Djamarah, S, B. (2000). Guru dan Anak Didik dalam Interaksi Edukatif. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. [Google Scholar]
  6. Eggen, P, & Kauchack, D. (2012). Strategi dan Model Pembelajaran: Mengajarkan Konten dan Keterampilan Berpikir. Jakarta: PT. Indeks. [Google Scholar]
  7. Ennis, R, H. (2011). The Nature of Critical Thinking: An Outline of Critical Thinking Dispositions and Abilities. Journal University of Illinois.  https://education.illinois.edu/docs/default-source/faculty-documents/robert-ennis/thenatureofcriticalthinking_51711_000.pdf?sfvrsn=7bb51288_2 (diakses 12 Januari 2019). [Google Scholar]
  8. Etin, S. (2007). Cooperatve Learning. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara. [Google Scholar]
  9. Fakhriyah, F. (2014). Penerapan Problem Based Learning Dalam Upaya Mengembangkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia. Vol. 3, no. 1, hh. 95-101. [Google Scholar]
  10. Fisher, A. (2015). Critical Thingking An Introduction. New York: Cambridge University Press. [Google Scholar]
  11. Gholami, M., et.al. (2016). Comparing the effects of problem-based learning and the traditional lecture method on critical thinking skills and meta-cognitive awareness in nursing students in a critical care nursing course. Nurse Education Today, 45(2), 16-21. [Google Scholar]
  12. Ibrahim, M. (2012). Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah. Surabaya: Unesa University Press. [Google Scholar]
  13. Jensen, E. (2008). Problem Based Learning (Edisi Bahasa Indonesia). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.  [Google Scholar]
  14. Joyce, B, & Marsha, W. (1992). Models of Teaching. USA: Allyn and Bacon . [Google Scholar]
  15. Kemmiss, & McTaggart, R. (1995). Action research: a short modern history. Victoria: Deakin Uni¬versity Press. [Google Scholar]
  16. Nurhadi, & Senduk, A.G. (2003). Pembelajaran Kontekstual (Contextual Teaching and Learning/CTL) dan Penerapannya Dalam KBK. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang. [Google Scholar]
  17. Paul, R., & Elde, L. (2007). A Guide for Educators to Critical Thinking Competency Standards. Second Edition. California: Foundation for Critical Thinking . [Google Scholar]
  18. Pebriana, R, & Disma. (2017). Effect of Problem Based Learning to Critical Thingking Skills Elementary School Students in Social Studies. Jurnal of Elementary Education, 1(1), 36-39. [Google Scholar]
  19. Sanjaya, W. (2008). Strategi Pembelajaran Berorientasi Standar Proses. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group. [Google Scholar]
  20. Setiono, A. (2007). Berpikir Kritis. http://agustinussetiono.wordpress.com/2007/09/25/berpikir-kritis. (diakses 12 Januari 2019). [Google Scholar]
  21. Sochibin, A. (2009). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terpimpin untuk Peningkatan Pemahaman dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SD. Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 5(2), 96-101. [Google Scholar]
  22. Sumarmi. (2012). Model-Model Pembelajaran Geografi. Malang: Aditya Media Publishing. [Google Scholar]
  23. Suprijono, A. (2013). Cooperative Learning Teori & Aplikasi Paikem. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. [Google Scholar]
  24. Suyono, H. (2015). Implementasi Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Bandung: PT. Rosda. [Google Scholar]
  25. Trianto. (2007). Model Pembelajaran Terpadu dalam Teori dan Praktek. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka. [Google Scholar]
  26. Yaumi. (2012). Pembelajaran Berbasis Multiple Intelegences. Jakarta: Dian Rakyat. [Google Scholar]