PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 9501

Volume 5 Issue 1 (March 2014)

The Rate of Burnout of Elementary School Teachers and Elementary Mathematics Teachers

Sezgin Bilgen & Salih Zeki Genç

pp. 1 - 9   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2014.001


The aim of this study is to examine the exhaustion levels of the elementary school teachers and the elementary mathematics teachers according to gender, marital status, seniority and type of school graduated. The study involved 80 female, 59 male teachers. The sample of teachers from Canakkale province provided data for the study. Survey method was used for this study. To measure burnout level of teachers in the sample we have used Personal Information Form and Maslach’s Burnout Inventory. The inventory demonstrated to examination variables related burnouts which emotional exhaustion, reduced personal accomplishment and depersonalization subscales. Data were analyzed using the statistical program SPSS 19. The data obtained from the research was tested by Normality Tests, Mann-Whitney-U Test and Kruskal-Wallis Test. It was seen that burnout levels do not differ according to their gender, marital status, seniority and type of school they had graduated. On the basis of departments it was found out that both elementary school teachers’ exhaustion levels and elementary mathematics teachers’ exhaustion levels were medium

Keywords: burnout, teachers, Maslach Burnout Inventory

Turkish Version of Job Crafting Scale (JCS): The Validity and Reliability Study

Ahmet AKIN, Hakan SARIÇAM, Çınar KAYA & Taner DEMIR

pp. 10 - 15   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2014.002


The aim of this research is to examine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Job Crafting Scale (JCS; Tims, Bakker, & Derk, 2012). The sample of this study consisted of 364 (193 female and 171 male) teachers. The results of confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the 21 items loaded on four factors and the four-dimensional model was well fit (x²=340.27, df=175, p=0.00, RMSEA=.049, NNFI=.94, CFI=.95, IFI=.95, RFI=.89, GFI=.92, AGFI=.90, and SRMR=.068). The internal consistency coefficients of four subscales were .90, .72, .76, and .75, respectively. The corrected item-total correlations of JCS ranged from .33 to .87. The t-test results differences between each item’s means of upper 27% and lower 27% points were significant. Overall findings demonstrated that this scale had high validity and reliability scores and that it may be used as a valid and reliable instrument in order to examine job crafting more often and to gain more knowledge about its antecedents and consequences. Nevertheless, further studies such as concurrent validity and test-retest reliability should make for its measurement force.

Keywords: Job crafting, validity, reliability, confirmatory factor analysis