An Analysis of Burnout in Turkish Elementary School Principals
Gökhan Baş & Atila Yıldırım
pp. 1 - 18 | Manu. Number: ijers.2012.008
The main purpose of this study is to analyse burnout levels of elementary school principals. 190 elementary school principals (183 male and 7 female school principals) from Nigde and its districts constitute the survey sample of the research. The data of this research were collected by using the “Maslach Burnout Inventory”. The data were analysed by using SPSS 15.0. In oeder to analyse the data obtained, mean, standard deviation, Mann-Whitney-U test, variance and Tukey-HSD tests were used. Results of this study show that elementary school principals have “moderate” level of burnout. Also, it was found out that there was a statistical significant difference between elementary school principals in terms of gender in reduced personal accomplishment and depersonalisation sub- scales of the inventory. According to this result, female elementary school principals have higher reduced personal accomplishment and depersonalisation levels than their male counterparts. On the other hand, it was found a statistical significant difference between schools principals in relation to managerial seniority. According to results of this result of the research, school principals were found to differ in reduced personal accomplishment sub-scale so that less experienced school principals have higher burnout levels than their counterparts. It was also found out that there were not any statistical significant difference between elementary school principals in terms of educational level and working place variables. However, when looked at the mean scores of the school principals in relation to educational level and working place variables, senior high school graduates feel lower burnout and the principals working in villages and town feel higher burnout levels than their counterparts working in the city centre.
Keywords: burnout, elementary education, Turkish school principals
The Effect of Peripheral Learning Applied in English Instruction on English Idioms Learning
Mehmet Gezer, Burcu Şen & Bülent Alcı
pp. 19 - 34 | Manu. Number: ijers.2012.009
The aim of this research is to determine the effect of peripheral learning on English idioms whether differs to gender or not. The subject group of this research includes 43 female students and 68 male students, in total 111 students at Yıldız Technical University School of Foreign Languages. As for method, dependent and independent groups t-test is used. Before carrying out the research, pre-test which is prepared by the help of two experts and consists of 25 multiple choice questions is applied on the students. During the research period, posters about the idioms hang on the classrooms’ walls for a month. Moreover, focus group interview is applied to collect data about peripheral learning on English idioms learning. Subsequently, post-test is applied and the results of the pre-test & post-test are analyzed via t-test. Data analysis is determined and the conclusion is declared.
Keywords: Peripheral learning, English idioms learning, Success