PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 9501

Volume 3 Issue 1 (March 2012)

Relationship Between The Motivation Levels Of The Music Teacher Candidates Related To Learning Musical Instruments And Their Selections Of Career Training

Sibel Çoban & Tuğba Çalışkan

pp. 1 - 16   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2012.001

Abstract

The research universe comprises music teacher candidates studying at Music Education Departments of Fine Arts Teaching Departments of Education Faculties and the sample of the research comprises first, second, third and fourth grade students studying at Music Education Departments of Fine Arts Teaching Departments of Education Faculties of Marmara University, Gazi University, Dokuz Eylül University and Abant İzzet Baysal University.

“Personal Data Questionnaire” and “Motivation Scale for Individual Instrument Lesson” was applied as measurement instrument.

In this research to investigate any difference motivation levels of students’ accordance with four sub- dimensions (interest, educational atmospher, environment, professional expectation) of the Motivation Scale between,

  • Choosing the Music teacher Education as willingly and
  • Planning of to do the other profession (except for Music teacher) after graduation.

As a result; Motivation levels of the students for their instruments differed significantly in accordance with the variable ‘the career aspirations’.

From the point of music teacher candidates’ choosing their profession willingly, the scores of the Motivation Scale’s sub-dimension of ‘interest’ appeared to be higher among the ones who chose their profession willingly.

Keywords: Motivation, Instrument Education, Career Education

The Investigation Of The Abstracts Of Theses And Dissertations In The Domain Of Measurement And Evaluation

Ezel Tavşancıl, Göksu Gözen Çıtak & Fatih Kezer

pp. 17 - 32   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2012.002

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the abstracts of theses and dissertations completed in the field of measurement and evaluation in state universities (Abant Izzet Baysal University, Ankara University, Hacettepe University and Mersin University) in Turkey between 2000 and 2009 in terms of categories of form and content considering the standards determined by American Psychological Association-APA. Within the framework of this qualitative research which can be qualified as documentary analysis, 90 Master of Science (M.Sc.) and 21 Doctorate (Ph.D.) theses completed at universities aforementioned are examined. Within the framework of the study, a data collection tool that aims to investigate the abstracts of the researches’ systematically has been devised. Abstracts are studied by this instrument by each researcher independently and in order to attain the inter-participant consistency, the codes with regards to the coding scheme in data collection tool given to the same abstracts are compared. Data is analyzed through descriptive and content analysis. The content of the abstracts is presented and interpreted by either based on frequency counts and percentages of the categories used in deciding whether the specified criteria are matched or giving direct quotations. The findings indicate that information about the aim of research is not presented at one fourth; the aim is a repetition of title at one third of abstracts at Master’s Degree. At one third of the abstracts at Doctoral Degree, findings of the research are not presented; at the four fifth of the abstracts of Master’s Degree, 19 of 21 abstracts at Doctoral Degree, there is not research design; in the half of abstracts at Master’s Degree and three fourth of abstracts at Doctoral Degree, there is not data collection procedure; at one third of abstracts at Master’s Degree and one third of abstracts at Doctoral Degree, there are not data analysis techniques. These findings imply that the abstracts have crucial inadequacies regarding to the features which determine the quality of research.

Keywords: Abstract of thesis and dissertations, Measurement and evaluation, Qualitative research, Content analysis

Community And Nature As Curriculum: A Case Study Of An Outdoor Environmental Education Project

Şükran YALÇIN ÖZDİLEK , Hasan Göksel ÖZDİLEK, Emel OKUR & Mustafa Yunus ERYAMAN

pp. 33 - 45   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2012.003

Abstract

Improvement of awareness and positive attitudes towards the environment is certainly challenging, but not impossible. Programs specifically designed towards the raising of environmental awareness are called for in tackling such challenges. This paper describes the concept, content and application of an outdoor environmental education project that is implemented mostly in nature and supported by TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) in 2008 and 2009. The program for the project was prepared by taking into consideration basic principles of ecology and experimental design. Training activities forming the project were carried out in and around various districts (counties) in the province of Canakkale namely; Can, Ezine, Bayramic, Eceabat and Bozcaada. Canakkale’s natural features (flora, fauna, geology, geomorphology), and anthropogenic, social and cultural richness were used as examples. The education was conducted interactively. In keeping with the aim and scope of the project, participants were introduced to and made aware of the need for conservation in these fields. Additionally, it was intended that ecological knowledge would be gained and absorbed by the target group which would result in increased environmental awareness. Activities were intended to be practical rather than theoretical and performed completely in the field. All participants actively joined in the activities. The project activities included qualitative as well as quantitative observation, problem-based tasks, along with brain storming within a learner-centered free-thinking atmosphere, with the aim of achieving an idea-yielding, capacity-building, synthetic application - considered to be the most advanced level of the learning process. The knowledge gained was therefore expected to be used by participants in their future lives. During the activities, the ecological point of view was adopted, yet human-centered environmental awareness was also explained wherever necessary. One of the positive feedbacks of this project was some participants’ contacting of their trainers in order to get additional information on a particular subject after the conclusion of the field applications. One of the negative outputs of this project was the reproach of participants concerning difficulties in remembering their learning due to the intensity of the program. The result of this project is expected to be applied over a larger area with a corresponding training program aimed at contributing towards the protection of nature.

 

Keywords: outdoor education, environmental education, design experiment, ecology