PEN Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 1308 - 9501

Volume 2 Issue 2 (July 2011)

Student’s Opinions Of Kuwait University’s Role In The Disseminate Of Societal Culture

Rashed Al-Sahel & Mahammad Al-Abdulghafour

pp. 1 - 9   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2011.003

Abstract

Values and beliefs of any society are considered as ones of the important issues for the identification of the society, and it is one of the main roles of higher education institutes to develop and enhance these values and beliefs among students. Kuwait University is regarded as one of the important institutes of higher education in Kuwait. Therefore, it is responsible to enhance the societal values and beliefs of the society among students.

There were two aims of this study. The first aim was that, according to the students' opinions to what extent that Kuwait University has disseminated the societal culture among the students. The second aim was that to what extent that there are significant differences between students of the sample regarding their sex and their field of study. The researchers built a questionnaire for this purpose. The questionnaire was divided to three parts; part one for the role of community courses that Kuwait University teaches them for the dissemination of societal culture, part two for the role of faculties in the dissemination of societal culture and part three for the role of students' activities in the dissemination of societal culture.

The results indicated that the university students learned societal culture more significantly than they learned from the role of faculties and from students’ activities. In the other hand, there was no significant difference between the role of faculties and students’ activities in the dissemination of societal culture among students. The results also indicated that there were no significant differences between boys and girls in learning societal culture from students’ activities or from faculties. Both indicated close level of affect in developing societal culture among boys and girls. On the other hand, girls showed significant differences than boys in learning societal culture regarding community courses. But there was no significant differences between boys and girls in learning societal culture regarding students’ activities and faculties, Finally, the results showed that there was no significant differences between students in their opinions about the university’s role in disseminations the societal culture regarding the students’ fields.

Keywords: Culture, Societal, Kuwait, University, Students

A Study On The University Students’ Levels Of Tendency To Violence And Aggression In Relation With The Need They Feel About Receiving Informal Art Education (Erzincan Case Study)

Orhan Taşkesen

pp. 10 - 20   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2011.004

Abstract

This study was carried out to detect the university students’ need levels of receiving art education informally, and to determine if there is a significant difference between the levels of tendency to violence and aggression levels according to the need they feel about receiving art education informally. This study was conducted with 182 (78 male, 104 female) students who study at Erzincan University. “Scale of need for receiving art education informally” developed by the researcher, “Aggression Scale” developed by Tuzgöl, “Scale of tendency to violence” developed by Göka, Bayat and Türkçapar were used respectively to measure the students’ needs for receiving art education informally, to measure the levels of aggression, and to measure their “tendency to violence”. In the analysis of the data, Kruskal Wallis H test, one of non-parametric tests, was used to compare scores belonging to the dependent variable of the unrelated sample and Person Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the relationship between the two variables. At the end of the study, according to the need they feel about receiving art education informally, no significant difference was found between the students’ levels of aggression and tendency levels to violence. In a positive way, a significant relationship was found out between the students’ levels of aggression and tendency levels to violence.

Keywords: Art Education, Informal Education, Aggression, Tendency to Violence