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The Effect Of Jigsaw-I Cooperative Learning Technique On Students’ Understanding About Basic Organic Chemistry Concepts


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The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of Jigsaw-1 Cooperative Learning technique on students’ understanding and alternative conceptions concerning basic organic chemistry concepts. The study was conducted with a total of 52 9th grade students in a high school in Trabzon. The study used quasi-experimental design (an experimental group and a control group). While experimental group students performed activities based on Jigsaw 1 technique, control group students were taught with traditional approach. The treatment lasted for three lesson hours in both groups. An Organic Chemistry Achievement Test involving 5 open-ended questions was used to collect data. The data obtained from pre- and post-tests of both groups was compared with the independent t-test. The post-test results showed that there was a significant difference between groups in favor of the experimental group. In other words, the experimental group students taught with Jigsaw I technique performed better in the post-test than the control group.

Keywords: -


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Vocabulary Learning Strategy Preferences and Vocabulary Size of Pre-service English Teachers

Sabriye Şener

Manuscript Views: 74  |  Manuscript Download: 317


The present study examined the vocabulary learning strategy preferences and vocabulary size of pre-service English teachers at a state university in Turkey. It also investigated the relationship between their strategy use and vocabulary size. To this end, 304 pre-service teachers constituted the working group of the research. In this study, a quantitative research design was employed. For data collection, an adapted version of the Vocabulary Learning Strategy Inventory and Vocabulary Levels Test were used. The most frequently used vocabulary learning strategy sub-group was found to be determination and the lowest vocabulary learning strategy subgroup was cognitive. Besides, the most significant relationship was seen between the vocabulary size and cognitive strategies. Finally, multiple comparison tests revealed a significant statistical difference between the first and fourth graders’ vocabulary size.

Keywords: Word level, vocabulary learning strategies, vocabulary size


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Safety and Risk: Benefits of Outdoor Play For Child Education

Hicran Malıyok

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A consideration of the theoretical frameworks of outdoor play between different scholars who emphasised different approaches and points of emphasis to outdoor play reveals a common pattern of consensus as regards the benefits of outdoor play to childhood education, health and development. From Froebel to Smilansky, the variation in points of emphasis between the different theorists does not seem to deter or inhibit the fundamental message of the profound role of outdoor play in childhood education and development. Although play is generally seen in its beneficial values, an added dimension is also given to the ‘green’ aspects of play which finds a suiting echo in outdoor play. The context of the risk involved in outdoor play in the UK therefore leads us into a consideration of safety and risk within the context of outdoor play in the UK. 

Keywords: risk, safety, outdoor play, child education


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Professional Development Journey Through Action Research: A Case of A Primary School Teacher In An EFL Context


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Although action research enables teachers to take responsibility of their own professional development, teachers ascribe the role of researcher only to experts outside the classroom. Drawing on qualitative analysis of a teacher of English’s reflection journal and interviews as well as quantitative analysis of examinations taken by students, this study examines how action research can affect the teacher in terms of content knowledge, teaching practices, and beliefs and attitudes. The results suggest the popularization of action research among teachers by teacher training and development units showing the positive changes in the teacher’s performance leading to improved student learning. 

Keywords: Action research, professional development, teacher of English


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An Analysis on Motivational Beliefs of Preparatory Class Students about Learning English


Manuscript Views: 127  |  Manuscript Download: 185


The purpose of this study is to analyze the motivational beliefs of preparatory class students to learn English. The research was carried out utilizing a mixed method where quantitative and qualitative data were used together. The sample chosen purposively consists of 211 students attending the School of Foreign Languages at Yıldız Technical University. As a quantitative data collection tool, the motivational beliefs dimension of “Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ)” was used. Qualitative data were collected via two open-ended questions which were asked to have an insight about motivational beliefs of the students. Quantative data were analyzed via t-test and ANOVA statistics while qualitative data were analyzed through descriptive analysis. For quantitative results, the findings initially indicated that there was a significant difference in motivational beliefs between male and female students in favour of female students. Secondly, there was a significant difference in motivational beliefs associated with self-efficacy and test anxiety depending on English proficiency level of the students. Thirdly, the resource of motivation did not constitute a significant difference in motivational beliefs. Finally, qualitative findings revealed that an enjoyable learning atmosphere motivated the students to learn English. 

Keywords: Learning English, motivational beliefs, learning environment, self-efficacy, anxiety.


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Comparison of Metalinguistic Development in Sequential Bilinguals and Monolinguals


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The purpose of this study was to compare metalinguistic skills (word awareness and phonological awareness) of a Turkish English sequential bilingual child and a monolingual Turkish child. The participants were two 8-year-old second grade students. Performances of the two participants compared on a set of three tasks related with word awareness and three tasks related with phonological awareness. The results for the word awareness tasks concluded that Turkish English bilingual child outperformed the Turkish monolingual child in the word segmentation task and the symbol substitution task but they both performed equally well in the word definition task. The results for the phonological tasks including the rhyming task, the final phoneme deletion task and phoneme blending tasks revealed no bilingual advantage. The results were discussed in terms of a limit on the effect that bilingualism exerts on metalinguistic development.

Keywords: metalinguistic development, phonological awareness, word awareness, sequential bilingual, monolingual


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The Relationship between Internet Addiction, Peer Pressure and Perceived Social Support among Adolescents

Binnaz Kıran Esen & Mehmet Gündoğdu

Manuscript Views: 259  |  Manuscript Download: 136


The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationships between internet addiction, peer pressure and social support among adolescents. The sample of the study consisted of 558 adolescents (290 female 268 male) selected from high school 9th and 10th grade at Mersin. The data related with the internet addiction was gathered by means of Internet Addiction Questionnaire developed by Young (1998) and adapted to Turkish culture by Bayraktar (2001). The data related with the peer pressure gathered with the peer Pressure Questionnaire developed by Kıran (2002) and Perceived Social Support Measure developed by Yıldırım (1997) was used to measure the social support. To examine the relationships between internet addiction, peer pressure and social support, gender X peer pressure (low-medium- high), gender X peer support (low-medium-high), gender X parental support (low-medium- high) and gender X teachers’ support (low-medium-high) design four different analyses of variance was applied to the Internet Addiction Questionnaire scores of the adolescents. For low, medium and high peer pressure, peer support, parental support and teachers’ support, 0,5 standard deviation was used as cut off point. The results showed that the lower the peer pressure, internet addiction decreases. Moreover, the more the parental and teachers’ support increase, internet addiction scores of the adolescents decrease. Furthermore, it was observed that internet addiction scores of the adolescents differed according to gender, and the internet addiction scores of the girls were lower than that of boys. Otherwise, no relationship was observed between internet addiction and peer support. The results were discussed in the light of related literature.

Keywords: Internet addiction, Peer Pressure, Perceived Social Support, Adolescents


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Multiple Intelligence and Work Performance of College Teachers

Edwin A. Estrella

Manuscript Views: 83  |  Manuscript Download: 133


The researcher used a cross-sectional descriptive study design. This study attempted to establish the perceived association between the levels of the dominant and recessive multiple intelligences and job performance of college teachers. To be able to establish the association between the variables, the researcher used a standardized test, the Walter McKenzie (2014) Multiple Intelligences Inventory, to gauge multiple intelligences. Permission was sought from the office of the administrator of the university campus to allow the researcher access to the scores of the respondents in their respective self, student, peer and superior evaluations. Using the Fisher’s exact test, the results were analyzed by a statistician to see the association between the variables. It was established in this study that the dominant intelligence among the respondents is intrapersonal intelligence. On the other hand, the recessive intelligence among the respondents is visual spatial intelligence. Furthermore, it was established that majority of the respondents display an outstanding job performance. However, there exists no significant association between the dominant intelligence of the respondents with their job performance. The researcher recommends that further studies ought to be pursued using the same model but a different set of respondents. The researcher feels that increasing the sample size will increase the statistical efficiency of the study. A non-parametric correlation may also be conducted considering the size of the presently sampled population.

Keywords: Multiple intelligence, work performance and college teachers.


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A Research on the Effect of Career and Job Getting Perception on Learning Motivation and Career Development Efforts

Metin Atak, İlhan Atik & İbrahim Ceylan

Manuscript Views: 135  |  Manuscript Download: 126


Learning motivation can be defined as learner’s perception of learning activities for meaningful and valuable, an effort for benefiting from them for himself. Studies executed on learning motivation show that a highly motivated student carries on his learning activities on account of pleasure he takes in a learning activity and learning facilities or the sense of achievement inspired. On the one hand, as for a lowly motivated student, he does his work for the sake of an award or avoidance of possible punishments. This situation has an impact on the success of teaching activity to a great extent. There are many factors that affect learning motivation which has such importance on teaching. Through removing the obstacles, educators and training directors strive for creating learning environment where learning motivation is considerably high. It has been revealed in many studies that personnel’s career expectations and their wish for having permanent positions contribute to their performing better in the organization, having high organizational commitment and tendency for not leaving their jobs. Accordingly, in the process of learning towards a job, the perception of both having had the occupation and career’s meeting the expectations related with the job draw attention as a variable influencing candidates’ learing motivation. The problem of this study is to determine the impact of students’ job getting and career perceptions on learning motivation and career development efforts. In this study, by confirming aeronautics undergraduates’ getting a job and their career perception together with the levels of their career development efforts and learning motivation perceptions, the correlation between them is examined. Accordng to study findings, it is concluded that career perception influence positively not only learning motivation but also career development effort, whereas job getting perception affects learning motivation positively, it has no effect on career development effort. 

Keywords: Learning motivation, job getting perception, career perception, career development effort


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The UEFA Concept of Fighting Against Racism Results of Training Activities and A Comparison to Turkey

Necati Cerrahoğlu

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Football is meaningful with the contribution of fans and their enthusiasm. The enthusiasm of fans has got relative definitions. Some delirious acts of fans who are indispensable part of football, take precedence over football and these acts has reached a dimension threatening local government and public authorities. After 1990 Hate Crimes are added to Hooliganism, Violence and Vandalism which are defined as delirious act in sports. Due to the increasing racism threat, UEFA has decided to implement an efficient act plan in 2002. The developed Ten Point Plan has included advices and examples of application to Sport Clubs and Fan Groups. Although the Ten Point Plan is too detailed, in this research only programs which were practiced on fan groups, kids and youngsters at school age and the results of these programs are included. As the proposed programs which were offered to fans and NGOs, has become successful, it is seen that the greater success has been achieved in the programs and campaigns targeted kids and youngsters at school age. It is found out that there is a great difficulty to reach data to compare the research results in Turkey. In the level of Sport clubs no information could be collected on the other hand some limited information about limited activities of Fans and NGOs. 

Keywords: Education, Football, 10-Point Plan of Action, Children and Youth, NGO’s


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